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God of Islam: God of Nature and the Creator of our Universe

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Written and collected by Zia H Shah MD

The Messiah, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani, the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, wrote that Islam has presented a God that is reflected in the mirror of nature. God of Islam is visible in nature and is perceived by human hearts. He wrote:

 The God of Islam is the same God Who is visible in the mirror of the law of nature and is discernible in the book of nature. Islam has not presented a new God but has presented the same God Who is presented by the light of man’s heart, by the conscience of man, and by heaven and earth.[1]

God of the Christian dogma is counter-intuitive, against laws of nature and human conscience.  With the Christian mysteries of Trinity, Resurrection and Eucharist, Christian understanding of God, never offers human mind and heart full satisfaction.  The unadulterated human nature revolts against wafer being body of Jesus and God by extension and wine being blood of Jesus or God, as in the Catholic understanding of Eucharist.  No wonder, many a Christian apologists have applauded the Islamic understanding of pure Monotheism.

Rev. Elwood Morris Wherry (1843- 1927) was an American Presbyterian missionary to India, who wrote a number of books and was a famous Christian apologist and Orientalist in his time. He wrote acknowledging the beauty of Unity of God in Islam:

A few passages, like the oases in the deserts of Arabia, stand out as truly beautiful both in their setting and in their thought. Take the first chapter, the Fatihat:

‘In the name of God, the compassionate, the merciful. Praise be to God, Lord of all the worlds! The compassionate, the merciful! King on the Day of Judgment! Thee do we worship, and to thee do we cry for help! Guide then us in the right way! The path of those to whom thou art gracious! Not of those with whom thou art angered, nor of those who go astray.’

The celebrated throne verse in Chap. II., 255, is as follows: ‘God! there is no God but he; the living, the self-subsisting: neither slumber nor sleep seizeth him; to him belongeth whatsoever is in heaven and on earth. Who is he that can intercede with him, but through his good pleasure? He knoweth that which is past, and that which is to come unto them, and they shall not comprehend anything of his knowledge, but so far as he pleaseth. His throne is extended over heaven and earth, and the preservation of both is no burden unto him. He is high, the Mighty.’

The question is often asked why a book of such singular composition should hold such sway over the millions of the Moslem world. In reply two reasons may be given: first, the beautiful rhythm, and often sweet cadences of the original language, which like some enchanting song hold multitudes with rapt attention who understand scarcely a word they hear; secondly, there is a vast amount of truth contained in the book, especially the truth of the divine unity and of man’s dependence upon God, as seen in the throne verse just now quoted.[2]

Now, I quote, what the Jehovah witness’ site has to say about Old Testament and Trinity:

WHILE the word “Trinity” is not found in the Bible, is at least the idea of the Trinity taught clearly in it? For instance, what do the Hebrew Scriptures (“Old Testament”) reveal?

The Encyclopedia of Religion admits: “Theologians today are in agreement that the Hebrew Bible does not contain a doctrine of the Trinity.” And the New Catholic Encyclopedia also says: “The doctrine of the Holy Trinity is not taught in the O[ld] T[estament].”

Similarly, in his book The Triune God, Jesuit Edmund Fortman admits: “The Old Testament . . . tells us nothing explicitly or by necessary implication of a Triune God who is Father, Son and Holy Spirit. . . . There is no evidence that any sacred writer even suspected the existence of a [Trinity] within the Godhead. . . . Even to see in [the "Old Testament"] suggestions or foreshadowings or ‘veiled signs’ of the trinity of persons, is to go beyond the words and intent of the sacred writers.”—Italics ours.

An examination of the Hebrew Scriptures themselves will bear out these comments. Thus, there is no clear teaching of a Trinity in the first 39 books of the Bible that make up the true canon of the inspired Hebrew Scriptures.[3]

William Montgomery Watt (14 March 1909 – 24 October 2006[1]) was a Scottish historian, an Emeritus Professor in Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Edinburgh. Watt was one of the foremost non-Muslim interpreters of Islam in the West, was an enormously influential scholar in the field of Islamic studies and a much-revered name for many Muslims all over the world.”[2] Watt’s comprehensive biography of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, Muhammad at Mecca (1953) and Muhammad at Medina (1956), are considered to be classics in the field.[2]

Carole Hillenbrand, a professor of Islamic History at the University of Edinburgh, states about Montgomery Watt and it is quoted in Wikipedia:[2]

He was not afraid to express rather radical theological opinions – controversial ones in some Christian ecclesiastical circles. He often pondered on the question of what influence his study of Islam had exerted on him in his own Christian faith. As a direct result, he came to argue that the Islamic emphasis on the uncompromising oneness of God had caused him to reconsider the Christian doctrine of the Trinity, which is vigorously attacked in the Koran as undermining true monotheism.
Influenced by Islam, with its 99 names of God, each expressing special attributes of God, Watt returned to the Latin word “persona” – which meant a “face” or “mask”, and not “individual”, as it now means in English – and he formulated the view that a true interpretation of Trinity would not signify that God comprises three individuals. For him, Trinity represents three different “faces” of the one and the same God.

With 2 billion Christians in the world, different economic and other interests have kept Christian dogma entrenched in human society in one form or another over the millennia.  The Christian apologists like Montgomery Watt keep redefining the Christian dogma and obsessions rather than going freely, where ever the truth leads them.  The Trinitarian Christians with their obsession with the person of Jesus of Nazareth are not willing to give up the mysteries  of Trinity easily, but, here we need to be reminded of insightful saying of a 19th century German philosopher, George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, “Once the world of ideas has been transformed, reality cannot hold out for long.” In our age of information, this profound observation may soon become true in favor of Islam as the Western readers begin to see through the distortions of Christian dogma.

Now let me quote what the Jehovah witness’ site has to say about New Testament and Trinity:

WELL, then, do the Christian Greek Scriptures (“New Testament”) speak clearly of a Trinity?

The Encyclopedia of Religion says: “Theologians agree that the New Testament also does not contain an explicit doctrine of the Trinity.”

Jesuit Fortman states: “The New Testament writers . . . give us no formal or formulated doctrine of the Trinity, no explicit teaching that in one God there are three co-equal divine persons. . . . Nowhere do we find any trinitarian doctrine of three distinct subjects of divine life and activity in the same Godhead.”

The New Encyclopædia Britannica observes: “Neither the word Trinity nor the explicit doctrine appears in the New Testament.”

Bernhard Lohse says in A Short History of Christian Doctrine: “As far as the New Testament is concerned, one does not find in it an actual doctrine of the Trinity.”

The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology similarly states: “The N[ew] T[estament] does not contain the developed doctrine of the Trinity. ‘The Bible lacks the express declaration that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are of equal essence’ [said Protestant theologian Karl Barth].”

Yale University professor E. Washburn Hopkins affirmed: “To Jesus and Paul the doctrine of the trinity was apparently unknown; . . . they say nothing about it.”—Origin and Evolution of Religion.

Historian Arthur Weigall notes: “Jesus Christ never mentioned such a phenomenon, and nowhere in the New Testament does the word ‘Trinity’ appear. The idea was only adopted by the Church three hundred years after the death of our Lord.”—The Paganism in Our Christianity.

Thus, neither the 39 books of the Hebrew Scriptures nor the canon of 27 inspired books of the Christian Greek Scriptures provide any clear teaching of the Trinity.[3]

Due to the near impossibility for human mind to comprehend a Triune God, as presented by Trinitarian Christianity, the day to day usage, of  the concept of God, by the Christian masses, reminds us of Judaism and Islam and the saying, ‘imitation is the best form of flattery.’  The Messiah , Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani explained that the Christians have written a lot about God, but, whatever genuine account they have given is about the true and the Living God of Islam and not about a dead, crucified and a humiliated god:

The Holy Quran is replete with wisdom and insights and does not contain any portion of babble or frivolous. It explains every necessary detail and provides for all human needs. It is a miracle from every aspect. I am ever ready to demonstrate the miracle and beauty of the Holy Quran to anyone who denies it. These days, concept of God and genuine understanding of monotheism are under fire. The Christians have written a lot about God, but, whatever genuine account they have given is about the true and the Living God of Islam and not about a dead, crucified and a humiliated god. I can declare it with fullest confidence that whoever, will attempt to write about the attributes of God, his or her hand will be forced to come to the God of Islam. This is because each and every particle of our universe gives testimony of this God and the imprint of the God of Islam is also in every human heart and conscience. So, whenever humans endeavor to find God, they are lead to the concepts of Islam. This also is indeed an amazing miracle.

Today, if anyone denies the miracle of the Holy Quran, we can put forward a challenge to him. If anyone denies the Holy Quran to be revealed word of God, he should, in this age of learning and science, write arguments about God and I will demonstrate all those from the Holy Quran. Likewise, if he writes on the Unity of God, I will be able to bring those out from the Quran. We challenge, that if anyone writes about wonderful teachings for humanity and religious truths and claims that these are not mentioned in the Holy Book of Islam, we will demonstrate to him the Quranic claimsفِيْهَا كُتُبٌ قَيِّمَةٌؕ‏ ‘Therein are lasting commandments,’ (Al Surah Al-Baiyyinah 98:4) is how true and manifest. If anyone wants to write arguments for the religion of nature or the orthodox religion, I will demonstrate the miracle of the Holy Quran from every angle and show that all truths and essential teachings are in the Holy Quran. In short, the Quran is a book that has all the essential insights and subtleties. But, I assert again that to understand all these teachings one needs a pious soul as is stated by God Himself, لَّا يَمَسُّهٗۤ اِلَّا الْمُطَهَّرُوْنَؕ‏ ‘Which none shall touch except those who are purified’ (Al Surah Al-Waqi’ah 56:80).[4]

Related readings:

Is God the Father the Creator, the Trinity as a whole or are there three Creators?

The anesthesia of familiarity: There should be a Creator for this universe

Third Council of Constantinople (680-681): Does Jesus has one nature / operation or two?

Christianity is sandwiched between Judaism and Islam

References

1.  Majmu‘a Ishtiharat, Vol. II, pp. 310-311.

http://www.alislam.org/books/Essence-1.pdf

2. Islam and Christianity in India and the Far East By Elwood Morris Wherry. Fleming H Revell Company, 1907. Page 25-26.

3. http://www.watchtower.org/e/ti/article_03.htm

4. Malfoozat volume I.  Page 51-52.  Published in Rabwah.

http://www.alislam.org/urdu/sermon/FST20090911-UR.pdf

For reference details see the Friday sermon of Khalifatul Masih V of 9/11/2009.

Posted by on July 4, 2012. Filed under Highlight,Uncategorized. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can leave a response or trackback to this entry

9 Responses to God of Islam: God of Nature and the Creator of our Universe

  1. Zia H. Shah

    July 4, 2012 at 9:36 am

    The Messiah, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani, the Founder of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, wrote about God, as he contrasted Islam and Christianity:

    The God of a true religion should be so much in accord with reason and the light of nature that His existence should be a matter of proof for people who possess reason but who have no heavenly book in which they believe. He should be such as does not savor of coercion or artificiality. Such perfection is characteristic of the God Who is presented by the Holy Qur’an. The followers of other religions have either abandoned the True God, as have the Christians, or have attributed improper and low attributes to Him, as have the Jews, or have deprived Him of His attributes, as have the pagans and the Aryas. The God of Islam is the same True God Who is seen through the mirror of the law of nature and is visible in the book of nature. Islam has not presented a new God but has presented the same God Who is presented by the light of man’s heart and by man’s conscience and by heavens and earth. Another quality of a true religion is that it should not be a dead creed. The blessings and greatnesses which were cultivated in it in the beginning should persist in it till the end of the world for the promotion of the welfare of mankind, so that ever fresh signs should confirm its past signs and should not permit the light of its truth to become an old tale. I have been writing over a long period that the Prophethood which was claimed by our lord and master Muhammad, the chosen one [peace and blessings of Allah be on him] and the heavenly proofs in the form of signs which he had set forth, still continue in Islam and are bestowed upon his followers so that they should arrive at the state of complete understanding and should witness the Living God directly. The signs which are attributed to Jesus are mere stories, and are nowhere to be seen, and therefore this religion, which teaches the worship of the dead, is itself dead like its god. A verity cannot be confined to old tales. Every people have a store of tales setting forth alleged miracles and wonders. It is a characteristic only of Islam that it does not present merely the defective and imperfect comfort of tales and stories, but satisfies the seekers with living signs. A seeker after truth should not be satisfied with senseless worship of the dead and should not be put off with sorry tales. We have come into the market of the world to purchase the best. We should not waste our faith by exchanging it with false things. A living faith is that through which we can find the Living God. The Living God is He Who can inspire us directly, or could at least bring us in contact with one who is directly inspired. I convey this good news to the whole world that the God of Islam is such a Living God. Those with whom no one can now speak are dead and are not God. No one can see their signs today. He whose god is dead would be put to shame in every field and would be humiliated and would not be helped in any way. My purpose in making this announcement is that a religion which is true does not change. As it was in the beginning, so it would be at the end. A true religion would never become a dry tale. Islam is a true religion and I call everyone—Christians, Aryas, Jews and Brahmus—to show them the truth of Islam. Is there anyone of them who seeks the Living God? We do not worship the dead.

    Our God is Living. He helps us through His inspiration and revelation and through heavenly signs. If there is a single Christian who is truly a seeker after truth, let him make a comparison between our Living God and his dead god. For such a trial, a period of forty days would suffice. [Majmu'a Ishtiharat, Vol. 2, pp. 310-312]

  2. Zia H. Shah

    July 4, 2012 at 10:34 am

    The Messiah, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani, the Founder of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, wrote about God being visible in nature

    As man cannot perceive with his physical eyes the Imperceptible Being Who is latent in everyone like fire and yet is hidden from everyone, nor can he find Him through the exercise of his imperfect reason, he has been subject to many errors in his understanding of Him and through his errors he renders to others that which is His due. God Almighty has mentioned an excellent illustration in the Holy Qur’an that the world is like a great hall paved smooth with slabs of glass and a current of water flows underneath them which runs very fast. A person looking at the slabs of glass wrongly imagines them to be water also and is afraid of walking upon them as he would be afraid of walking upon water, though in reality they are only glass but very clear and transparent. Thus, these great objects in heaven like the sun and the moon etc. are transparent like glass and are worshipped by mistake. Behind them, there is a Higher Power at work which is flowing swiftly like water. It is the mistake of those who worship created things that they attribute to the glass all this activity which is being manifested by the Power behind it. This is the explanation of the verse:

    Solomon said, ‘It is a palace paved smooth with slabs of glass.’ (Al Surah An-Naml 27:45)

    As the Being of God Almighty, despite its brightness, is hidden beyond sight, the physical universe is not adequate for its true recognition. This is the reason why those who depended upon the physical system despite their careful consideration of its perfect orderliness which comprehends hundreds of wonders within itself, and despite their pursuit of astronomy and physics and philosophy to a degree which shows that they had penetrated through heaven and earth, could not get rid of their doubts and suspicions and became involved in all types of errors and wandered far afield in their absurd fantasies. If they thought of the Being of the Creator, they proceeded only thus far that observing the great orderliness of the wise system they imagined that it should have a Creator.”

    [The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam, Ruhani Khaza'in, Vol. 10, pp. 363-367]

  3. MNA KHAN

    July 5, 2012 at 7:24 am

    124,000 Prophets sent by God all believing in the on and only Al-Mighty God.They all believed in Unity of God.But there is tragedy that after the death of the Prophet most of the believers made their prophet God or like God and started their worship.Like Jesus believe in one God and all his life He worshiped that One and only Al-Mighty God and Even on Cross He called that Al-Mighty God and according to our belief and faith The Al-Mighty God came for his help with a dark storm and Jesus narrowly saved from Cross before his death by his companions hidden around there in the bushes .That Al-Mighty gave Jesus health and His wounds were cured with special ointment ( Merham-E-Essa). Due to the compulsion of the situation the companions of Jesus kept his life in secret so that the enemies can not arrest him again The with the guidance of The God Al-Mighty the Jesus migrated from Jerusalem, through , Iraq , Iran ,Afghanistan to India, Srinagar Kashmir, where Jesus died his natural death.This knowledge or fact is also told by The Al-Mighty God to The Promised Messiah, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian , India. All Muslims and Christians know that Jesus worshiped only one God and The Jesus never said Worship me because He him-self believe in One God.How can a believer of Unity of God can teach Trinity.Never. It is blame on Jesus if any body claim.

  4. Sardar Naseer

    July 5, 2012 at 1:38 pm

    Great!
    An excellent source of nourishment,especially for the people who call mankind towards God.
    Zia is doing marvellous job.(Sardar Naseer)

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  6. Munawar Ahmad Bajwa

    January 8, 2013 at 2:39 am

    The Great Shah Sb!
    Thank you for posting. It is an excellent source of Muslim’s Historical worship place. Especially for the people who wish to keep contact with Alive God. May Allah Almighty bless you and your family membrs a peaceful, happy, healthy and wealthy long life. Ameen

  7. zkhan

    January 8, 2013 at 6:54 am

    Montgomery Watt was also one of teachers, probably at Baliol College of Oxford University and Hazrat Mirza Nasir Ahmad sahib (3rd Khalifa of the Promised Messiah (AS)) was one of his students. Mr. Watt was of course as authentic an orientalist as they come. It was interesting to read about the effect of his life-long study of Islam and its marks on his personal beliefs.

  8. Fowzia Shah

    January 8, 2013 at 11:54 am

    It is risky to translate the Holy Quran yourself. Although I agree that sometimes the translation can be a little complicated but changing it changes the meaning. I am referring to the translation in this article of Surah Fatiha. Maghzoobi alaihim does not mean only God was displeased with them. KM4 ra once explained it. It means that they incur displeasure, sometimes even of people.

    By the way I really enjoy it when you refer to the Christians as apologists. Because that is what this nasty Christian critic of Islam called Muslims!

    JezakAllah

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